Time Management Techniques
Jul 28, 2023 by Vreny Blanco · 7 min read
Effective time management is a valuable skill that allows you to define and prioritize your projects, structure your days and focus on what’s important to you. By taking control of your time, you will reduce stress and anxiety, your work will be more enjoyable and efficient, and you will have extra time to rest and have fun.
In our article Mastering time management, we provided 16 practical strategies to improve time management skills.
In this article, I will present six time management techniques to help you stay focused and increase productivity. Get ready to experiment and discover which technique suits and works best for you.
Let’s dive in!
The Pareto Principle (The 80/20 Rule)
The 80/20 rule is a technique created by Italian economist Vilfredo Pareto. This rule suggests that 80% of your results come from 20% of your efforts.1 2 Pareto’s analysis aims to help you prioritize the most relevant tasks that generate the best results.1
How it works:
- List the problems you are facing.1
- Identify the root cause of each problem.1
- Assign a score to each problem: A number between 1-10 or actual monetary value.1
- Group similar problems together.1
- Add up the score of each group: The group with the highest score is the issue you should work on first.1
- Take action.1
This technique will help you identify your priorities and avoid wasting time on less critical tasks.
The Pomodoro Technique
The Pomodoro Technique is a simple and effective time management method created by Francesco Cirillo.3
Here’s how it works:
- Choose a task that you want to complete.1 6
- Set a timer (for example, for 25 minutes).1 6
- Concentrate only on that task until the time runs out.1 6
- When the timer rings, take a 5-minute break. Use this time to relax, enjoy a coffee or do something unrelated to work.1 6
- Resume concentrated work.
- After completing four pomodoros, reward yourself with a longer break, about 20 to 30 minutes.1 6
By using this technique, you can transform your relationship with time, making it easier to achieve your goals without feeling overwhelmed or anxious.3
The Eisenhower Matrix
The Eisenhower Matrix is a simple four-quadrant chart designed to help you sort and prioritize your tasks based on their urgency and importance.5
How it works:
- Create a four-quadrant chart (See the image below).
- Sort your tasks: Important vs. not important and urgent vs. not urgent.1 5
- Urgent tasks are the ones that demand immediate attention.1 5
- Important tasks are the ones that align with your long-term goals and values.1 5
Once you’ve categorized your tasks, you can approach each category as follows:
- Urgent and important: Prioritize these tasks and do them first.1 5
- Urgent and not important: If possible, delegate these tasks. If not, address them next after completing the important ones.5
- Not urgent and important: Schedule time for these on your calendar.5
- Not urgent and not important: These tasks don’t require your attention and can be removed from your to-do list.1 5
This is my favorite technique.
Time blocking is a method that helps you structure your day by dividing it into specific segments of time.5 You can assign blocks of time for different tasks or activities. During these designated periods, you should eliminate distractions and focus solely on that task.
You can designate a specific duration for everything you do from the moment you wake up (e.g. eating breakfast, studying, sports, etc.).1
How it works:
- List all your tasks and activities for the day.
- Calculate how much time you need for each task.
- Create two columns: in the left column, write down each hour of the day, and in the right column, create blocks of time, such as half-hour or one-hour chunks.1
- Write down your tasks in the corresponding time blocks.1
- Add buffer time between blocks to allow for flexibility and adjustments during the day.1
You can also use digital tools like Google Calendar to assign blocks of time to daily or regular activities, such as going to the gym, eating, or walking your dog. And then, plan your other obligations and projects around them.
With time blocking, you can establish a well-structured routine, increasing your productivity and reducing decision fatigue.
Eat That Frog
A quote from Mark Twain inspires the “Eat That Frog” technique: “Eat a live frog the first thing in the morning, and nothing worse will happen to you the rest of the day.” It’s all about tackling your most challenging tasks early in the day to clear the way for more enjoyable activities or projects.1
How it works:
- Set a clear goal. What do you want to achieve most?1
- Write it down.1
- Set a deadline.1
- List all the actions you need to take to reach your goal.1
- Organize the list based on priority. The most critical tasks – usually the toughest ones – are your “frogs”.1
- Take action. If you have multiple difficult tasks, start with the nastiest one.1
- Repeat this process daily.1
Parkinson’s Law, named after British historian Cyril Northcote Parkinson, highlights, “Work expands to fill the time available for its completion.” In simpler terms, the more time you give yourself to finish a task, the longer it tends to take.1
This technique helps set realistic deadlines for more efficient work, avoiding unnecessary delays.
To use Parkinson’s Law effectively, follow these steps:
- Make a list of your tasks and estimate the time it usually takes to complete them.
- Challenge yourself by setting a shorter deadline for each task, giving yourself half the time it usually takes. Treat these deadlines as essential and commit to meeting them.
The main goal is to enhance your efficiency by working in shorter bursts of time. Here are some time management tips to get you started:
- Experiment with working without a computer charger. This will create a sense of urgency and help you complete projects before your computer runs out of battery.1
- Aim to finish tasks earlier in the day. Try to finish by noon instead of waiting until midnight.1
- Set clear task deadlines to stay focused and avoid procrastination.1
- Allocate limited time for specific tasks. For instance, give yourself only 20 minutes in the morning to answer emails.1
Sometimes, we get so wrapped up in work that we forget that our private life deserves equal or greater attention. This is where managing your time and maximizing your productivity plays a crucial role.
You can make the most of your time by practicing the techniques described in this article. The Pomodoro Technique, for example, helps you stay focused and avoid burnout by working in concentrated intervals followed by short breaks. Time blocking, on the other hand, allows you to create a well-structured schedule that keeps you on track.
With Eat That Frog, you learn the importance of tackling your most challenging tasks first, which helps you overcome procrastination and maintain motivation. And Parkinson’s Law reminds you to set realistic deadlines to remain efficient and avoid unnecessary delays.
Experiment to find out what works best for you and incorporate these time management techniques into your daily routine. You’ll make significant progress toward your goals and find a better work-life balance.